In SONIC, we envision a transformation of computing from primarily low-level data processing into higher-level information processing on beyond-CMOS and scaled CMOS fabrics. Processing of information (essence) as opposed to data (form) comes with the tangible benefits of leading to the design of intelligent (reasoning-based decision-making) platforms and enabling equivalent scaling (that is functionally dense, energy-efficient, and robust) in the beyond-CMOS/post-2020 era. The latter arises from mapping of information (which, unlike data, is intrinsically statistical in nature) and information processing (as opposed to data processing) onto nanoscale beyond-CMOS device fabrics, which are also intrinsically statistical in their behavior.